Sunday, May 31, 2020

Pentecost

Readings: Acts 2:1-11; Ps 104:1.24.29-30.31.34; 1 Cor 12:3b-7.12-13; John 20:19-23

After Easter, Pentecost is the most important observance of the liturgical year. Since it brings people from different places, languages, and cultures together, Pentecost has traditionally been viewed as the Holy Spirit’s undoing the confounding of languages and the resultant separation of peoples at Babel. If you remember, this was the result of their attempt to build a tower reaching to heaven.1

As with the Incarnation, at Pentecost God comes down. In the end, we will not “go up” to some imaginary heaven. Rather, as the Book of Revelation dramatically shows, the City of God will come down from heaven and the reign of God will be established on the earth forever.2

Because Pentecost marks bringing people together in the Church, the Body of Christ, made up of people of different languages, races, genders, and cultures, it seems fitting to bring up the subject of race and racism, which seems to plague our nation these days. Racism manifests in a multitude of ways. Among these ways are Antisemitism, White Supremacy, the animus shown toward Hispanic people that very often isn’t too far below the surface of most anti-immigrant rhetoric. Institutional racism is a reality but one that is invisible to most of us not directly affected by it.

Cutting to the chase, we watched in horror as a policeman, employing unapproved methods, killed yet another black man before our eyes. The name of the man who was killed is George Floyd. Because we are Christians, George Floyd is our brother by virtue of our common Baptism. George Floyd was affectionately known by many as “Big Floyd.”3

Before moving to Minneapolis for a job through a Christian work program, Floyd labored to bring the Gospel of Jesus Christ, the Gospel of peace, to the hard-pressed third ward of Houston, his hometown. He heeded Jesus’s Great Commission, which we heard in last Sunday’s Gospel, by seeking to make disciples. He worked to bring the Gospel to young men in the Cuney Homes housing project, known popularly as “the Bricks.” A focus of Floyd’s ministry, in his own words, was “breaking the cycle of violence.”4

Now, I am not seeking to automatically canonize George Floyd. He certainly had his troubles. What I am saying is that he was a Christian. By the witness of his life, we know he was not Christian in some nominal sense. He was a disciple of Jesus. Discipleship can never be incidental or accidental. Christian discipleship is always intentional.



In the wake of George Floyd’s death, Minneapolis and several other cities, including Salt Lake City, which is currently under curfew, erupted into protests that turned into riots. As Christians, we know that violence only breeds violence. As Bishop Shelton Fabre, one of the few black Catholic bishops in the United States insisted in the wake of George Floyd’s death: racism is a life issue because people are losing their lives because of it.5 In another statement, seven U.S. bishops insisted: “We cannot turn a blind eye to these atrocities and yet still try to profess to respect every human life.”6 While, as Christians, we are committed to non-violence, we can’t be passive in the face of injustice. As Martin Luther King, Jr. and others showed us, non-violence is not pacifism.

But what to make of all this? I suppose each one of us has our own opinion. But as followers of Jesus Christ, we should all have in common the desire to break the world’s cycle of violence. We do that by committing ourselves to work for justice. One way to work for justice is seeking racial reconciliation. This begins with doing the hard work of confronting ourselves, becoming aware of certain attitudes, oftentimes deeply ingrained. It also involves listening to people different from ourselves, whose experiences in our culture and society differ from our own. As Pope Saint Paul VI insisted: “If you want Peace, work for justice.”7

Pope Francis calls on Catholics to create a “culture of encounter” in the societies in which we live.8 It was just such an encounter that is at the heart of Pentecost. Jews traveled from nations all over the known world to observe Shavuot. Shavuot in Greek is “Pentecost.” It is called Pentecost because this festival occurs fifty days after Passover, just as Christian Pentecost falls fifty days after Easter. On Shavuot to this day Jews celebrate God giving the Law to Moses on Mount Sinai. The people say in response to hearing the Gospel in their own languages:
We are Parthians, Medes, and Elamites, inhabitants of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the districts of Libya near Cyrene, as well as travelers from Rome, both Jews and converts to Judaism, Cretans and Arabs…9
More than a digression, reflecting on the sin of racism and how the Gospel helps us overcome it is most fitting for this celebration. What we need to realize today as we celebrate Pentecost is founding the Church by the power of the Holy Spirit (Pentecost is reckoned to be the Church’s “birthday”), the risen Christ seeks to unite all peoples in and through the Church, making her “the universal sacrament of salvation.”10 In the Book of Revelation, John sees
a great multitude, which no one could count, from every nation, race, people, and tongue. They stood before the throne and before the Lamb, wearing white robes and holding palm branches in their hands. They cried out in a loud voice: “Salvation comes from* our God, who is seated on the throne, and from the Lamb”11
It is this new reality that Saint Paul pointed to when he wrote to the Christians in ancient Corinth: “For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, slaves or free persons, and we were all given to drink of one Spirit.”12

It is faith in Christ, which prompts Baptism. Baptism and Eucharist constitute our Christian DNA. Faith gives birth to hope. What is it we hope for? We hope for the reign of God to be fully established. When our hope turns into love, then God’s reign breaks through into the here and now, the future appears in the present. This is precisely why God gives us the great gift of faith, not for some individualized, singular salvation. Following Christ requires you to love your neighbor, to forgive those who trespass against you, to pray for and do good to your enemies, and work for justice. You cannot love God and hate your neighbor.13 You cannot be a racist and a Christian.

Because of Jesus Christ, membership in God’s people is not a matter of race, gender, sexual orientation, social class, or location. Membership, which is the work of the Spirit, is determined by faith in Christ alone. Inherent to this faith is a commitment to follow Jesus. This means not merely “preaching” the Good News but being good news by the way you live your life. And so, with great hope let us pray: “Come Holy Spirit and renew the face of the earth!”


1 Genesis 11:1-9.
2 Revelation 21:1-2.
3 Christianity Today, “George Floyd Left a Gospel Legacy in Houston.”
4 Ibid.
5 Catholic News Service, “Louisiana bishop: ‘People are losing their lives because of racism.’”
6 America, “Bishops call racism a ‘real and present danger’ in aftermath of death of George Floyd in Minneapolis.”
7 Pope Paul VI, Message for V World Day of Peace, 1 January 1972.
8 Pope Francis, Apostolic Exhortation, Evangelii Gaudium, sec. 220.
9 Acts 2:9-11.
10 Second Vatican Council, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church [Lumen Gentium], sec. 48.
11 Revelation 7:9-10.
12 1 Corinthians 12:13.
13 1 John 4:20.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Ascension of the Lord

In many dioceses of the Western United States, including my own- the Diocese of Salt Lake City, Ascension has been transferred from Thursday in the Sixth Week of Easter to what would normally be the Seventh Sunday of Easter. I'll tell you upfront, this is not a post lamenting that transfer. Heaven knows I have weighed-in several times on that issue.

As I mentioned in my homily last Sunday concerning Pentecost, the fruit of the third of the Glorious Mysteries of our Blessed Mother's Rosary- the descent of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost- is God's love for us. In Saint John's Last Supper Discourse, from whence comes the bulk of our Sunday Gospel readings during this Easter season (Year A of the three-year Sunday lectionary), Jesus tells his closest disciples: "But I tell you the truth, it is better for you that I go. For if I do not go, the Advocate will not come to you. But if I go, I will send him to you" (John 16:7).

Especially in light of the reality that the Holy Spirit has never been absent, why does Jesus say it is necessary to depart for the Spirit to come? It seems prudent to note that in the first instance it is a mystery. This means that any and all attempts to answer this question fall short of the mystery. But this doesn't mean we must pass over this singular aspect of the multi-dimensional Paschal Mystery in silence. One way I have come to think about this takes as necessary premises that after his resurrection, the Holy Spirit becomes the mode of Christ's resurrection presence in and for the world, which means that the Church, the ekklesia, the assembly of God in Christ, animated- empowered- by the Holy Spirit, becomes the sacrament of salvation in and for the world.

Getting to the point, by becoming present through the Holy Spirit, the risen Lord can be closer to us than if he were "here" and standing "over there," as it were. At least in the context of the Gospel according to John, again, during the Last Supper Discourse, Jesus uses a lot of 'in" language: "I am in the Father." "The Father is in me." "If you have seen me you have seen the Father." Perhaps looking forward to Pentecost- but maybe not from a historical-critical perspective- Jesus tells his close followers that after they have received "the Spirit of truth" they "will realize that I am in my Father and you are in me and I in you" (John 14:17.20).

My reason for drawing attention to Jesus's in language in the Last Supper Discourse is to make the point that how the risen Lord comes to be in us is by the power of the Holy Spirit. This, of course, brings us almost reflexively to sacraments and to the Eucharist, the sacrament of sacraments, the Most Blessed Sacrament, in particular. In the Eucharist, Jesus comes to be "in" us by the proclamation of the word, which happens aurally. The word of God is very important. So important, in fact, that without it the Eucharist is incomprehensible. This is a major theme in the Emmaus episode from Saint Luke's Gospel (see Luke 24:13-35). Then comes our reception of Holy Communion, which happens orally. Ultimately, sacraments, even when properly understood as symbolic signs (sacraments are signs and symbols or they are nothing at all), are pretty concrete.

The Ascension, by Benjamin West, 1801


One advantage, especially in these times, is that the vast majority of us- certainly anyone reading this- has access to God's word- the Sacred Scriptures. We need to remember, especially now, we do not live by bread alone but by every word that comes from God's mouth. As no less than a Doctor of the Church, Saint Thérèse of Lisieux, averred: "No doubt it is a great grace to receive the sacraments; but when God does not permit it, it is good nonetheless, everything is a grace." Perhaps consider learning how to "do" a Liturgy of the Word with your family during these times. The Church's lectionary is a great treasure, one too little cherished.

It is by the Holy Spirit's illumination that the word of God comes not only to inform us but to shape and form us. From the opening verses of sacred writ, we come to see that God's word is creative. He spoke everything into existence. We need to let God "make" us through the power of his divine word. This is why there is no reason for us to stand around gazing up at the sky (see Acts 1:11).

By his ascending to the Father, the Son, our Lord and Savior, can be nearer to us, not farther away. To receive the Holy Spirit, then, is to level your gaze. By leveling your gaze, you live as a Spirit-filled disciple of Jesus Christ. Inherent to being a disciple of Jesus Christ being a missionary, one who evangelizes, a person who seeks to spread the good news. Is this not the gist of our Gospel reading today? In today's Gospel we hear again the so-called "Great Commission," in which our risen Lord bids us to "make disciples of all nations" (Matthew 28:19). The good news is spread primarily by loving your neighbor as you love yourself. This requires diakonia, serving others in selfless and often inconvenient ways.

Whether Saint Francis of Assisi said it or not (probably not), it is important to preach the Gospel by using words only when we must. As someone noted on "Catholic" Twitter this week: "the positive apologetic is the christian life of loving one's neighbor, and that's insanely hard." The Spirit is given us to make it, not easy, but possible, even to the point of forgiving us when we fail. After all, "everything is a grace."

Because in and through Christ everything is a grace we can have hope. By accepting everything as a grace we come to realize that hope is not optimism. Rather, we learn through experience, even if sometimes painfully, that hope lies beyond optimism. Hope is the fruit of the second of the Glorious Mysteries of the Virgin Mary's Holy Rosary, which invites us to reflect on the Ascension of the Lord; an unfathomable mystery.

Monday, May 18, 2020

Monday Sixth Week of Easter

Readings: Acts 16:11-15; Ps 149:1b-6.9b; John 15:26-16:4a

It is important to make yourself a dwelling place for God. How you do this is quite simple: through prayer. You extend hospitality to God, like Lydia, extended it to Paul and his companion, by daily inviting God in.

When praying, you need to spend at least as much time in silence and you spend talking, if not more. Silence is God’s first language. As in any conversation, how can you listen if you’re constantly talking? Especially for people in advanced societies today, silence is difficult and uncomfortable. But like any spiritual practice, you have to stick with it until it becomes easier and more comfortable. Persistence is the path of fruitfulness.

Not only is the Holy Spirit the mode of God’s communication with us but because “we do not know how to pray as we ought,” Paul notes in his Letter to the Romans, the Spirit “intercedes [for us] with inexpressible groanings.”1

Only those who make themselves a dwelling place for God can convincingly testify to the Lordship of Jesus Christ. It is the Holy Spirit who strengthens us when the inevitable trials start so “that you may not fall away.”2 Then as now, falling away is a real danger.

I am convinced that one of the biggest dangers for Christians today is not the usually facile “new atheism" or simply going from belief to unbelief in single bound. Because it is not certain knowledge, faith implies, or least easily accommodates, doubt. A great danger is getting caught up in bad religion, then realizing it for what it is, projecting that onto everything else, rejecting it, and walking away.

What do I mean by “bad religion”? I am referring specifically referring to the phenomenon of “internet Catholicism.” This phenomenon presents not only a false magisterium but many false teachers, whose sole claim to authority, be they priests or lay people, is their internet audience. They operate on the premise, even if unspoken (though many are increasingly bold), that their authority supersedes that of bishops and even the Pope. This is what Saint John Henry Newman called “the Protestant principle.”3 Oddly, many Protestants today show more respect for and receptivity to Catholic (catholic) teaching than the purveyors of "internet Catholicism." Being sectarians, these purveyors are the antithesis of what it means to be Catholic.

St Paul Meeting Lydia of Thyatira, by Edward Irvine Halliday


These self-anointed authorities presume to teach universally on all matters of faith and morals. They set themselves up as alternatives to authentic teaching authority in the Church, not just that of the Pope, but of bishops and duly appointed pastors. They expatiate on everything from the proper way to receive Holy Communion to whether bishops in this time of pandemic can and should restrict participation in Mass for the safety of their flocks. The activities of such people are analogous to those of the Judaizers with whom Paul was frequently forced to contend.

If you’re following the teaching of someone on the internet that is at odds with the teaching of your bishop, who is a Successor of the Apostles, a member of the College of Bishops in communion with the Pope, then you can be quite sure you’ve wandered from the path. In doing so, you are putting yourself at the mercy of wolves.

One thing that seems to unite these self-appointed pontiffs is their dislike of Pope Francis, especially his determination to tackle Pharisaical legalism within the Church. Rather than liberate, such legalism seeks to enslave and labors under the delusion that a person saves himself by his own righteous deeds. Eventually, many people who labor under these heavy burdens come to think “God is asking too much of me. I just can’t do it.” Here’s good news: Jesus did what God expects! Only he is capable of doing it. Jesus is our Savior.

After being burned by the flames of misplaced zealotry, a lot of people find it difficult to believe and continue practicing the faith. Jesus said: “My sheep hear my voice; I know them, and they follow me.”4 Given the nearly overwhelming noise to signal ratio in our and age, it takes prayer and discernment to hear and follow the Master’s voice. It's safe to say, that the voice of authentic shepherds is gentler, less severe, not as dictatorial as those who seek to usurp authority.

If through prayer, you make yourself a dwelling place for God, it becomes easier to discern the voice of the Good Shepherd, which resonates in the voices of those duly appointed to guide his flock safely along the pilgrim path of this life.

The inspired author of Acts does not tell us what Lydia and the other women were doing on the banks of the river when Paul and his companion, who left the city of Philippi to find a place to pray on the Sabbath, encountered them. It is noted that Lydia was “a worshiper of God.”5 This likely means she was a Jewish proselyte, meaning one who was in the process of converting to Judaism, or perhaps a God-fearer, meaning a Gentile who, while not seeking to convert, recognized the God of Israel as the one true God and worshiped accordingly.

Therefore, it is probable that Lydia could receive the good news of Jesus Christ because she understood his Jewish context and recognized him, through Paul’s preaching, as the anticipated Messiah. This can be nothing other than the work of the Holy Spirit.


1 Romans 8:26.
2 John 16:1.
3 Mark E. Powell, Papal Infallibility: A Protestant Evaluation of an Ecumenical Issue, 87.
4 John 10:27.
5 Acts 16:14.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Year A Sixth Sunday of Easter

Readings: Acts 8:5-8.14-17; Ps 66:1-7.16.20; 1 Peter 3:15-18; John 14:15-21

Believe it or not, dear friends, in this oddest of years we are already celebrating the Sixth Sunday of Easter. This means that we are preparing for that major feast, which comes second only to Easter: Pentecost. Indeed, the Holy Spirit, sent by Christ after he ascended to the Father’s right hand is a major focus of today’s readings.

The fruit of the Third Glorious Mystery of the Blessed Virgin’s Rosary, which bids us to meditate on the descent of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, is God’s love for us. In today’s Gospel reading, taken from Saint John’s Last Supper Discourse, Jesus assures his worried disciples that he will not abandon them. He tells them, “I will come to you.”1 Of course, the Spirit comes fifty days after Jesus’s resurrection on what became the first Christian Pentecost.

It cannot be emphasized enough that the Holy Spirit is the mode of Christ’s resurrection presence among us, in us, and through us. In other words, the Holy Spirit, as Jesus indicates later in the same chapter from which our Gospel today is taken, “will teach you everything and remind you of all that [I] told you.”2 Just as the Son speaks the will of the Father, the Holy Spirit, in turn, speaks the will of the Father and the Son.

We have to tread lightly whenever we speak of commandment-keeping. We must do so because in talking about keeping the commandments it easily turns into long lists of prescriptions and proscriptions, that is, dos and donts. The Pharisees, to whom Jesus had a thing or two to say, were great at making lists of rules and, at least in their own minds, even better at keeping those rules. When we start to make such lists, we begin to speak and act as if our salvation depends on our own relative goodness, our own righteousness. Thanks be to God, it does not. If it did, there would be absolutely no reason for us to celebrate this morning.

During Saint John’s Last Supper Discourse, Jesus gives his disciples only one commandment: love one another as I have loved you.3 To keep Jesus’s commandments is to do what love requires in every situation. This requires constant prayerful discernment. To love another means to seek her/his good, even at a cost to yourself. Agape requires diakonia. Love requires selfless service. This is how you “Sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts.”4



It has been noted that no good deed goes unpunished. Our epistle reading today bids us persist in love even when doing that means suffering for doing what is good. Never forget that the most loving and good deed in the universe was when the Lord of the universe “humbled himself, becoming obedient to death, even death on a cross.”5

When we speak in our overheated times and in our hothouse American culture about the Holy Spirit, our words and minds turn to almost crazy things: speaking in tongues, writhing on the floor, laughing hysterically, staged healings, shouting, etc. Therefore, it is important to bear in mind what the inspired word of God enumerates as the gifts of the Spirit: “love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control.”6

This is not to dismiss belief in the miraculous, it is just to bring our expectations more in line with Sacred Scripture and Christian experience. Jesus, who seems to me to have been quite ambivalent about the miracles he performed, said that it is “An evil and unfaithful generation seeks a sign.”7

In our first reading, Philip, reckoned by the Church to be one of the first seven deacons, demonstrates the power of the good news. By proclaiming Jesus’s resurrection and his Lordship and Messiahship, the power of the Gospel began to be made manifest as people were cured of various ailments and liberated from oppression by the enemy.

Peter and John went to Samaria to confirm the baptism of those who responded in faith to Philip’s preaching. They conferred on them, by the laying on of hands, the same Spirit by which Philip, who, like Stephen and the other five men set apart, was filled. This brought “great joy” to their city.8

Philip, who fled Jerusalem to avoid persecution, was able to give the people of the city of Samaria “an explanation” for his hope.9 Presumably, as with his encounter with the Ethiopian eunuch, he did so with gentleness and reverence, as one would expect of a person filled with the Holy Spirit.10

During this season of Easter, perhaps more this year than ever, “We are,” in the words of Saint Augustine from a discourse on the Psalms,
all urging one another to praise the Lord, and all thereby doing what each of us urges the other to do. But see that your praise comes from your whole being; in other words, see that you praise God not with your lips and voices alone, but with your minds, your lives and all your actions11
We are made from love in order to love. In reality, our lives have no other purpose. Our words and actions, therefore, should flow from loving God by loving one another. When people consider the community of Saint Olaf Parish, they should come away marveling: “See… how they love one another.”12


1 John 14:18.
2 John 14:26.
3 John 13:34.
4 1 Peter 3:15.
5 Philippians 2:8.
6 Galatians 5:22-23.
7 Matthew 16:4.
8 Acts 6:3; Acts 8:8.
9 1 Peter 3:15.
10 See Acts 8:26-40; 1 Peter 3:16.
11 Liturgy of the Hours, Volume II, Office of Readings, Saturday, Fifth Week of Easter, Second Reading, 757-758.
12 Tertullian, Apology, chap. 39.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Friday Fifth Week of Easter

Readings: Acts 15:22-31; Ps 57:8-10.12; John 15:12-17

Today’s readings highlight the tension between law and grace. Bringing it a bit more down-to-earth, our readings demonstrate the tension between faith and works. In our Gospel reading, Jesus tells his disciples that he has chosen them and not vice-versa. We make a mistake when we say faith is a choice. We also make a mistake when we reduce faith to mere belief. While faith cannot be compelled, it requires a certain openness and cooperation on our part.

A person of faith is impelled by the love of Christ.1 Faith, like hope and love, which together make-up the theological virtues, is a gift from God. While faith is our response to God’s initiative toward us, it can neither be imposed by God nor earned by us.

Jesus choosing his followers is an act of love. God’s initiative toward us can be summed up in one word: love. “God is love.”2 And because God is love, the divine initiative is nothing other than God’s offer of God’s very self through the person of the Son, Jesus Christ.

By offering himself to us, which he does in a deeply profound way in the Eucharist, Jesus is present in us so, by the power of the Holy Spirit, he can be present through us to others. Isn’t this the point of our reception of Holy Communion? If it is, then it becomes clear that communion is not an end-in-itself. In other words, communion is not a “Jesus n' me” moment. Rather, communion makes us, together, Christ's Body. As a result, it is the ultimate “Jesus and we” experience.

What is the result of being “chosen” by Jesus? We are chosen to “bear fruit that will remain.”3 If hope is the flower of faith, then love- the kind referred by the Greek word agape- is its fruit. Agape is self-sacrificing or selfless love. It is demonstrated by acts that show we put others before ourselves.

There are more ways to lay down your life than to die a martyr’s death. You lay down your life by performing acts of lovingkindness. I think it’s important to note that, while certainly more intimate, the word “friend” in this passage from Saint John’s Gospel refers to much the same thing as “neighbor” in the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., Matthew, Mark, Luke).

Love liberates, it does not enslave or seek to bind with all manner of rules. While faith without works is dead, works without love are also lifeless. Love makes faith fruitful through works.



Our first reading from the Acts of the Apostles comes from a section devoted to the so-called Council of Jerusalem. The reason for this council was to deal with the crisis precipitated by Paul bringing many Gentiles into the Church. What was to be decided was the relationship of non-Jewish converts to the Law.

While, in the end, this council of the primitive Church issued some rules, let's remember that at the core of Jesus’s teaching is the truth that keeping rules cannot save you. Let’s face it, we’re not very good at keeping rules. Sooner or later we chafe under their tyranny and often wind up rebelling. It's a good thing being a Christian has never been a matter of keeping rules.

More problematic than our tendency to push-back against rules is our disposition to forget the reason for the rule. In a healthy sense, rules are a means of achieving ends. During the pandemic, for example, the reason to follow government-issued restrictions and guidelines is to slow the spread of the virus, to “flatten the curve,” so-to-speak, and keep hospitals from being overwhelmed with acute cases of COVID-19. An additional benefit of this is that we can perhaps prevent some people from contracting the virus until after there is a vaccine and/or there are better treatment options.

We can become so focused on the rule that we lose our senses and the end for which the rule was created in the first place. The end of the Law and the rules for living it is to love God with your entire being by loving your neighbor as you love yourself. What Jesus seemed to take issue with most of the time was mistaking the means for the end.

Regarding the rule not to eat meat sacrificed to idols, it becomes clear in Paul’s letters that this is not an absolute prohibition. Sure, a Christian would never sacrifice to an idol, but meat is meat. The apostle’s stipulation was that in eating meat sacrificed to idols you don’t scandalize someone whose faith is weak.4

The result of getting means and ends backward concerning the Law is to allow the Law to make you an enemy of God and a terror to other people. This is exactly what Jesus is getting at in this rebuke of the Pharisees in Matthew’s Gospel:
Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you traverse sea and land to make a single proselyte, and when he becomes a proselyte, you make him twice as much a child of hell as yourselves5
Truly good works are not done out some sense of obligation externally imposed. Rather, good works are motivated by love, by the kind of love Jesus has for us. Because love is the fruit of faith, if we love as Jesus loves, we will bear fruit that remains throughout eternity. Faith works by love.6


1 2 Corinthians 5:14.
2 1 John 4:8.16.
3 John 15:16.
4 1 Corinthians 8:7-13.
5 Matthew 23:15 RSV.
6 Galatians 5:6.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Repentance requires an awareness that you are loved

I don't mind admitting that I often have a difficult time looking on the lighter side of life. This is not to say that I don't have a sense of humor. I do. Humor, too, can be heavy or light. Frankly, I usually prefer heavier humor to the lighter stuff. I also have a difficult time just shaking things off, as it were, putting them into perspective and moving on. To a degree, this is just how I am built, part of who I am. Maybe the reason I am kind of stocky is to carry a heavy load.

Being built for heaviness enables me to appreciate those who live more lightly. Far from resenting such people or denigrating them, I admire them and, at times, even envy their seeming ability to live lightly. I sometimes find myself desiring to live with a lighter touch. Once in a while, for a time, perhaps for a day or two, I succeed.

Introspection, a certain amount of which is necessary for anyone in order to have and maintain a healthy self-awareness, can go from being useful to destructive very quickly. I don't mind admitting that, like many people who tend to view life as a heavy load, I am prone to too much introspection. I have to say, at least for me (this is such an important caveat for so many things!), rather than veer away from meaningful self-examination to keep myself from excessive introspection, I find it helpful to engage in it fruitfully.

The most fruitful way I have found to do this is by engaging in a very old and proven method of self-examination: the Examen. It is the Society of Jesus, popularly known as the Jesuits, who practice and teach the practice of Examen, along with some other useful spiritual practices, to others. Since it is not the purpose of this post to teach the Examen, I will point you to two things that I have found most helpful in both practicing and teaching the Examen. The first is Jesuit Fr. Dennis Hamm's "Rummaging for God: Praying Backwards through Your Day." I distribute this whenever I teach about practicing the Examen. The second is a daily podcast: "The 'Examen' with Fr. James Martin."

As I never tire of asserting that spirituality consists of spiritual practices. The spiritual practices that constitute a spirituality are spiritual disciplines. Disciplines are not ends in themselves but means to the end of loving God with your entire being by loving your neighbor as you love yourself. Another spiritual discipline of which I am a big proponent is lectio divina, which, like the Examen, is fruitful and "doable" on a daily or nearly everyday basis. Both are very simple and easy to learn. What is perhaps most lovely about these time-proven practices is that they require healthy doses of silence.



When we consider what we're living through and our inability to gather and worship together, practicing lectio divina and the Examen, along with spiritual practices, praying the Liturgy of the Hours, at least the so-called "hinge" hours (i.e., Morning and Evening Prayer), along with popular devotions such as the Rosary and the Divine Mercy Chaplet, become very important lest you start to feel adrift. For those who undertake these disciplines, I trust that their importance will not fade when the pandemic is over.

If this post is not about the mechanics of praying the Examen then what is it about? It is about the need to engage in the Examen deeply aware that God loves you. Otherwise, the Examen can turn into the unhealthy practice of self-shaming that can lead to self-loathing. To that end, I found this insight by Rebecca DeYoung most helpful: ​
reflec­tion on the vices is one part of the prac­tice of self-exam­i­na­tion, but that prac­tice must first and always be framed by the love of God, which stead­fast­ly holds us. Pro­ceed in the con­fi­dence that when we con­fess our sin­ful nature and die to sin, it is only a pre­lude to God’s cre­ation of a beau­ti­ful new life in us
It is very easy to reduce myself to my mistakes and my vices. When I do this God's love starts to become incomprehensible. I get stuck in the mire of shame. Rejecting God's love makes it difficult if not impossible for me to love others. When I reject or ignore God's love, my ability to love others erodes. "In this is love," we read in 1 John 4, "not that we have loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as expiation for our sins." Hence, it is important to begin my self-examination, which also includes reflecting on the good things of the day, in the knowledge and with the assurance of God's love trusting that in and through Christ Jesus I am always already forgiven.

Brian Morykon stated this well: "When sin is the focus of our self-examination, despair follows. But when we, guided by the Holy Spirit, look honestly at our sin while maintaining focus on Jesus—on his presence and love toward us—genuine repentance and freedom follows." Genuine repentance, which consists of so much more than contrition for sin, is true freedom. I find practicing the Examen with God's love foremost in mind a very fruitful discipline. It is a way Christ relieves me of the heavy yoke and replaces it with his lighter one.

Monday, May 11, 2020

Monday Fifth Week of Easter

Readings: Acts 14:-18; Ps 115:1-4.15-16; John 14:21-26

In our first reading, taken from Acts, the witness of Paul and Barnabas is irrepressible. Despite the threat of violence against them, they could not help but continue to proclaim the good news to others. Our reading also puts an aspect of early Christianity into bold relief: that the good news spread more easily in cities than in the countryside. In fact, it was in the countryside of the ancient Roman Empire that paganism maintained a stronghold for a number of centuries. It was in the urban centers of the ancient empire that the early Church took root and began to flourish.

What is interesting to note in this reading is that even after Paul and Barnabas tell the villagers emphatically they are not Zeus and Hermes, the people of the village remain determined to make a sacrifice to them. It is also important to point out that even after the miraculous healing Paul accomplished, the villagers were not converted en masse. I think this demonstrates how ineffectual miracles usually are in bringing people to faith.

Fyodor Dostoevsky, in his sublime novel, The Brothers Karmazov asserted:
miracles are never a stumbling-block to the realist…The genuine realist, if he is an unbeliever, will always find strength and ability to disbelieve in the miraculous, and if he is confronted with a miracle as an irrefutable fact he would rather disbelieve his own senses than admit the fact… Faith does not, in the realist, spring from the miracle but the miracle from faith1
Of course, the villagers in our reading from Acts are not modern skeptical realists. They are ancient, rural pagans. But like the modern realist and, indeed, all human beings, they labor under their preconceptions. Our preconceptions bound what we conceive as possible, desirable, right and proper. A preconception, you might say, is a conceptual rut in which you are stuck. Christians are certainly not exempt from having preconceptions. Many of these preconceptions hamper and handicap our mission to evangelize, impeding the spread of the Good News.

Perhaps nothing brings the preconceptions of many Christians to the fore like Jesus’s insistence in today’s Gospel on keeping his commandments. When it comes to commandment-keeping, our tendency is almost always to start making lists of things we must not do and things we must do. In all honesty, many of us never make it to the list of things we must do because we become so caught up in all the proscriptions, all the perceived prohibitions. This turns the good news in to the great "NO!"

Priest of Zeus Sacrificing to Saint Paul, by Raphael


Strict adherence to what many people mistakenly believe to be the checklist of holiness, results in a gloomy, stern, self-righteousness that is devoid of the Spirit. Instead of life-giving, it is soul-sucking. Such an approach smacks of the very thing Jesus constantly challenged and rebuked during his public ministry. For people who practice and advocate for this, the Lord becomes one who enslaves instead of the one who sets us free. In his Letter to the Galatians, Saint Paul exhorts concerning this rule-bound view of discipleship: “For freedom Christ set us free; so stand firm and do not submit again to the yoke of slavery.”2

In what, then, does keeping Jesus’s commandments consist? In the chapter before the one from which our Gospel reading for today is taken, which is also from John’s Last Supper Discourse, the Lord says to his disciples:
I give you a new commandment: love one another. As I have loved you, so you also should love one another. This is how all will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another3
In response to Judas’s question about God revealing himself only to the chosen few, Jesus says that the Father will dwell in the one who keeps his commandment: the commandment to love. And so, it is by loving others as Jesus loves us, which is not easy, that God is revealed and Jesus is made present. This sounds lovely. But in the nitty-gritty of life, loving others as God loves us through Christ is very hard.

How do we love others? By forgiving those who’ve trespassed against us. By loving and praying for our enemies. Remember, an enemy is someone who actively opposes you, someone who is hostile toward you, speaks of ill of you, seeks ways to “get” you, plots your demise, etc. In other words, someone who, for whatever reason(s), gives you a hard time and who often seeks to make your life miserable. It’s important to briefly note that there is a difference between bearing a wound and bearing a grudge. Love is what prevents wounds from turning into grudges.

Our challenge as followers of Jesus, who died and rose for love of us, is to make ourselves neighbors and not enemies. To be a Christian, your neighborliness must extend even to your enemies. Talk about overcoming a preconception! In Matthew’s Sermon on the Mount, Jesus himself teaches:
if you love those who love you, what recompense will you have? Do not the tax collectors do the same? And if you greet your brothers only, what is unusual about that? Do not the pagans do the same?4
Our unwillingness to live in this new way puts us in a far worse state than than the well-meaning pagans who wanted to sacrifice oxen to Paul and Barnabas.


1 Fyodor Dostoevsky, The Brothers Karamazov, Book I, Chapter 5, “The Elders.”
2 Galatians 5:1.
3 John 13:34-35.
4 Matthew 5:46-47.

Sunday, May 10, 2020

A few extraneous reflections on Sunday

I don't know about where you live, but here in Northern Utah, we've been enjoying a relatively cool if quite dry Spring. Today, however, the temperatures have reached the mid-80s, which is not unusual for this time of year but quite a bit warmer than it's been so far this year. I had to chuckle as I thought in a month or so mid-80s, which felt downright hot on my afternoon walk, will feel relatively cool.

As I was reading the Gospel at the early Mass this morning, I was suddenly very struck by John 14:8. It is the verse in which Philip says to Jesus, "Master, show us the Father, and that will be enough for us." It's like asking, "Show us the ineffable." Or, stated another way, "Eff for us the ineffable." To extend this more: Show us the unshowable; Describe for us the indescriable; Here, put the infinite in this bucket, etc.

As I pondered Philip's request between Masses, I thought it was almost laugh-out-loud funny. But considering the matter more seriously later, it became clearer to me. At least for Christians, it is a given that Jesus is the "refulgence" of God the Father. "Refulgence" is how the New American Bible translates the Greek noun ἀπαύγασμα, which transliterates into English as apaugasma. This is the word used in Hebrews 1:3 in describing the relationship of the Son of God to God.

Any New Testament concordance will tell you that in the first instance, apaugasma means "reflected brightness." Therefore, Jesus Christ perfectly reflects the image, the majesty, splendor of God. In Jesus, as Scripture tells us elsewhere, "all the fullness was pleased to dwell." (Col 1:19). It seems that these are ways of theologically articulating what Jesus tells Philip, namely, "Whoever has seen me has seen the Father" (John 14:9).

Saint Philip, by Peter Paul Rubens, ca. 1611


Upon further reflection, it seems to me that Philip's seemingly funny and, perhaps at first glance, even absurd request is from the bottom of his heart. His request articulates not only his deepest desire but mine too. Perhaps it is this desire is what constitutes our humanity at its core. Our desire is ineffable and it can only be satisfied by the ineffable. Keep in mind, Jesus is the way and the gate to the transcendent. It has been noted that Jesus is the immanent transcendent- the (im)possible existent.

As I was preparing things for Sunday Mass last Friday afternoon, I was also very struck by the beauty of the Collect for the Fifth Sunday of Easter. I think it is expressive of much the same desire as Philip's:
Almighty ever-living God,
constantly accomplish the Paschal Mystery within us,
that those you were pleased to make new in Holy Baptism
may, under your protective care, bear much fruit
and come to the joys of life eternal.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit,
one God, for ever and ever.
Peace of Christ to you this Sunday evening. Stay safe, place your hope in Christ through the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Be kind and loving to everyone. We're all living through a difficult time.

"a royal priesthood"

Readings: Acts 6:17; Ps 33:1-2.4-5.18-19; 1 Peter 2:4-9; John 14:1-12

Because I am a deacon and my blog is "Catholic Deacon," it would be strange not to reference the first reading. This reading comes from the beginning of the sixth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles. According to a tradition going back at least to Ireneaus of Lyons, a Doctor of the Church who was one of Christianity's earliest systematic theologians (ca.AD 120,/140-200,/203), this passage tells of the institution of the diaconate in the earliest Church.

What is curious about this passage is that while the word diakonia and its appropriate variants are used several times, not once in this passage or in any subsequent passages are the seven wise and Spirit-filled men referred to as "deacons," either collectively or individually. The task that requires selecting them- the daily distribution of food to the community's widows- is diakonia. In verse 2 the Greek word translated into English as "serve at table" is diakonein. Finally, the "ministry" of the word the apostles want to be free to engage in is diakonia.

In all likelihood, the earliest reference to the diaconate as an office can be found in the first verse of the first chapter of Saint Paul's Letter to the Philippians (Phil 1:1- "overseers" is a translation of episkopois and "ministers" is a translation of diakonois). In this verse, deacons are referred to along with bishops. Before bishops came to oversee multiple communities in a region, each community was led by a bishop who was assisted by deacons. Hence, one can make the argument that the diaconate is older than the presbyterate, at least as we understand it today and not as the "elders" of the Pauline communities.

In today's Gospel, when Jesus speaks of his disciples (there are no apostles in the fourth Gospel) doing works as great and even greater than those he has done, he seems to imply that this power will result from the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, who seems to be able to come because Jesus goes to the Father. I don't think it's too much to assert that this points to something that might be called "the diakonia of all the baptized." Is not this service driven by the same Spirit that filled the seven men called forth not only hand out food but to heal a rift in the earliest Christian community? Alms-giving can be viewed as diakonia. Diakonia points to the concrete ways of loving your neighbor as you love yourself.



First Peter is the source of our epistle readings for the Sundays of Easter this year. While "the diakonia of all the baptized" may be a phrase with which you are unfamiliar, the phrase "the priesthood of all the baptized" should not be utterly foreign to you. In the Rite of Baptism for Children, shortly after an infant in baptized, s/he is anointed with chrism as "priest, prophet, and king." When an adult, that is, anyone over the age of reason, is baptized s/he is confirmed immediately afterward.

In confirmation we are anointed with chrism, our baptism is "sealed," and hands are laid on us. Due to the anointing with chrism and the laying on of hands, it has been observed that both of these liturgical actions amount to a kind of priestly ordination. While the priesthood of the baptized and the ministerial priesthood can and must be distinguished one from the other, they are not separate and unrelated realities.

In 1 Peter we are told that the Church of God, is made up of living stones (i.e., us), is "a holy priesthood to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ" (1 Peter 2:5). In one his very popular radio addresses, Saint Óscar Romero, the greatly venerated martyr-archbishop of San Salvador, once taught:
How beautiful will be the day when all the baptized understand that their work, their job, is a priestly work; that just as I celebrate Mass at this altar, so each carpenter celebrates Mass at his workbench, and each metalworker, each professional, each doctor with a scalpel, the market woman at her stand, is performing priestly office! How many cabdrivers, I know, listen to this message there in their cabs; you are a priest at the wheel, my friend, if you work with honesty, consecrating that taxi of yours to God, bearing a message of peace and love to the passengers who ride in your cab.
Finally, in our present circumstances, I cannot think of a better Psalm for our responsorial than Psalm 33. Let our antiphon for today's reponsorial be our prayer as move forward into this new Easter week exercising the diakoinia of our priestly calling: "Lord, let your mercy be on us, as we place our trust in you."

Saturday, May 9, 2020

"When will I ever learn?": Another dispatch from distraction

Towards the end of the second week of the pandemic, I more or less discontinued my use of social media. This time that included blogging. I actually did not know how to deal with what was happening. It wasn't until I remotely participated in Pope Francis's Urbi et Orbi: Extraordinary Moment of Prayer that I started to regain some equanimity and make some peace with what we're all experiencing.

Like previous such breaks, I have to say my early pandemic breather was as refreshing as it was revivifying. As I was thinking about all of this early today in the wake of a couple of very unpleasant social media interactions yesterday, my mind drifted back to something I posted more than three years ago: "'Why do you come here?': Dispatch from distraction." In re-reading that post, I began to wonder why I didn't stick with my determination then to discontinue using platforms that often make me miserable. I am referring specifically to Facebook and Twitter, but mostly Facebook, a platform for which I seem to have a very unhealthy, that is, sick affinity.

I need to point out that I am not claiming victim status. Neither am I inviting you to dig how sensitive and introverted I am. On the contrary, when it comes to arguing and provoking, in too many instances, I give as good or better than I get. Therein lies the problem. Arguing online has peculiar nastiness all its own. It seems to bring out the worst in virtually everyone. It certainly brings out the worst in me. Maybe this is because of the fact that you can't punch someone over the internet or perhaps because we cannot see the effect our cruel words have the other person. It would be dishonest of me to ignore the fact that I have, at times, been attacked quite savagely by people I barely know. These people were not content to correct me or express a contrary opinion and simply argue the point. They felt the need to denigrate, insult, and accuse me of things that are so bizarre and irrelevant to the point of dispute that I am left questioning their sanity or wondering about the deep source of their hostility towards someone they barely know.

I don't mind reiterating here that I suffer from depression. As a result, I have to look after myself. I realize that no amount of "self-care" will keep the black dog at forever. He will turn up again sooner or later. On a side note a friend of mine, one of those with whom I will miss interacting, who is a priest for the Church of England, recently wrote a pastoral letter to his parishes on depression: "Black Dog."

I don't mind admitting that even in my mid-50s I often struggle with being impetuous and imprudent. I mention my age because I can remember thinking at times that these things would "naturally" moderate as I grew older. In reality and to some extent, it's who I am. I also realize that I need to keep a check on myself and enlist the help of trusted others to help me. I've found over way too many years that certain forms of social media exacerbate these tendencies. That said, I find it far easier than I used to accept correction and criticism. Like most people, however, it helps if the person criticizing and/or correcting me does so respectfully and charitably. This seems like a good place to mention that what precipitated my 2016 post was reading an article by Andrew Sullivan: "I Used To Be a Human Being."

I am a slow learner. I don't just type that as a way to be charmingly self-deprecating. I am truly slow. To give you an example: back in the summer of 2000, during a season of very intense prayer driven by some unsettling circumstances happening in my life, it became clear to me that I should stop drinking alcohol. At that point, apart from occasionally overindulging, my use of alcohol wasn't terribly problematic. As a result, I quit for a few months and then picked it up again. Five years later and for the next 5-6 years after that, my drinking became problematic. For the following 4-5 years, while I tapered off a good deal, drinking was still something I should not have been doing. I successfully quit for about a year but then convinced myself I could moderate. While it didn't reach the problematic levels it had previously, I was still dogged by it.

Lest I exaggerate, at no point did my drinking rise to the levels most people associate with problem drinking. Because the word "alcoholic" is misunderstood by most people, I don't use the word to describe myself. Why? Because, as John Waters pointed out: to most people "an alcoholic is someone lying in the gutter clutching a bottle of wine wrapped in a newspaper." It was never like that for me, not even close. What was it like? Well, at least for now, that's something I prefer to keep to myself. I think it would surprise most people ("most" does not mean "all") to know that it was ever a problem for me. Finally, on the day after Christmas 2018- the feast of my patron saint, Stephen, the patron of this blog (Pray for us!)- I determined to quit for good. As of yesterday, I am 494 days alcohol-free. Well, I do receive communion but that doesn't present any difficulties for me. Hey, it only took 18 and-a-half years!

Based on: Hotel Room, by Edward Hopper (1931). Photo: Kim Dong-kyu from New York magazine- same picture I used for my first dispatch


My social media use isn't that different from my alcohol use. No matter how many times I think I can moderate my use of it, I find myself back in the same disparaged state. Because I am a passionate person, which is neither good nor bad, it's just part of who I am, and so it can be either depending on how I employ it, I am someone for whom half-measures do not to work. I have always admired people who seem to be possessed of a natural and healthy moderation. In light of what I shared above, a three-and-a-half-year turn around isn't too bad!

Re-reading "'Why do you come here?': Dispatch from distraction" was one of those experiences when I realized that sometimes after gaining some wisdom and insight I become stupider. The past three or so years have demonstrated that amply. Anyway, all of this is to say that, like 26 December 2018, today marks a turning point for me. My real life, as opposed to my virtual non-life, is not only rich and full but very demanding, especially as I take on the responsibility of directing the diaconate of my diocese in addition to being a husband, father, serving my parish community, and my full-time job.

I plan to keep blogging with at least the same regularity I've been doing it for the past few years. My reason for this is that, unlike other things, I find value in blogging. Over the past 5 or so years, I have been successful in moderating this activity. I guess I have to type this for because, internally, I am brutal with myself: comments remain open albeit moderated. I am not willing to let all manner of hell break loose in this tiny bit of cyberspace to which I've laid claim. And so, while blogging is not a way of avoiding being criticized or corrected, I will ensure that these things are done constructively and charitably. Καθολικός διάκονος is- I'll use the term- a safe space for myself and for others. Blogging is a way for me to express my thoughts and opinions on matters that interest me. I make no claim to be infallible. I'll also note that I enjoy hearing and reading other points-of-view. But if you just can't tolerate what I have to say, feel free to ignore me and move on. It will be better for us both, trust me. Feel free to ignore me with my blessing

Farewell Twitter and Facebook! It hasn't been real. It's been virtual but too often really awful. This decision is the result of my own judgment on myself and not on anyone else. Just because I can't enjoy it in moderation due to my own proclivities and sensitivities, doesn't mean others can't and very often do make good use of it. I still plan to post the odd photo on Instagram, to post here and to link to these posts via various platforms. Those who know me well enough have my email and/or phone number. For those close enough and who know me quite well, I am usually up for a conversation over a cup of coffee.

As with my 2016 post, I'll end this with an appropriate song, from the lyrics of which the title is taken. While it's a Van Morrison song, I really like Phil Keaggy's version of it. Of course, as no less than my own pastor let me know when I expressed this opinion, it's okay by me if you prefer listening to the original artist perform it.

Friday, May 8, 2020

"But lay down your fears, come and join this feast"

Well, it's been a while since I've posted a Friday traditio. I wasn't sure I was going to do it today but I realized that after my flurry of posts in April I haven't posted much yet in May. Besides, I like the traditio, which is why I do it. Believe me, I don't think the world suffers at present from a lack of blog posts or podcasts. Therefore, I realize I probably do this to satisfy some weird need on my own part. You know what? That's okay.



These daze about the only posts in which I write spontaneously, "from my heart," as it were, are these Friday posts. I don't know about where you live, but here in Northern Utah we're in the process of "re-opening." Here in my county, which is just north of Salt Lake City, we never really closed. We scaled back on a lot of things. Like a lot of people, I waiver between just being nervous about lifting restrictions and being downright dubious about it. The reason for both my nervousness and my dubiousness is that there are still many unknowns concerning sars-cov-2 and the disease it causes: COVID-19. Over and above that, we still don't have a very widespread testing capability. Serum tests, which can detect antibodies, are just starting to be available. Even the ability to determine if someone has been exposed by administering a blood test, while a promising development, isn't that useful until we determine what exposure and the presence of antibodies means in terms of immunity.

In short, the lifting of restrictions is a movement into the unknown. I think anybody who pays any attention to this is aware that it was the second wave of Spanish Flu a hundred years ago that was so devastating. By pointing this out, I am not making a prediction. I just hope that as restrictions are lifted, if things start to go south, there won't be a great deal of hesitation about re-imposing them. I also hope and even pray that as we make the transition we can incorporate many of the positives that can be discerned from our collective experience over the past two months into the so=called "new normal." In other words, I hope the "new normal" is better than the old normal, to which a lot of people have no desire to return.

Yesterday, I spent the evening listening to music. It was a tonic. This morning, the song that sticks with me is Rich Mullins's "Peace (A Communion Blessing from St. Joseph's Square)." It's such a beautiful song. It's off his album A Liturgy, A Legacy, & A Ragamuffin Band, a work I cherish.

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Year A Fourth Sunday of Easter

Readings: Acts 2:14a.36-41; Ps 23:1-6; 1 Peter 2:20b-25; John 10:1-10

As you might’ve guessed, this Fourth Sunday of Easter is Good Shepherd Sunday. As a result, we typically hear a lot of pastoral references, similes, metaphors, and allegories. But in reality, these don’t make a lot of sense to most people today. This is not to assert that these things are incomprehensible to most of us. It’s just to say that unlike the people of the early first century Levant, such things are not part of our everyday experience or even part of many of our life experiences.

In thinking about Good Shepherd Sunday this week, I became very aware that being designated as “sheep” is not very flattering. Sheep are docile, easily led, seemingly not capable of independent thought. Now, this is not to say that the point of any passage from the scriptures is meant to flatter to us. I guess my point here is that the People of God are not called to be “sheepeople,” as it were. On the contrary, Jesus's call to follow him is a call to intentional living and responsibility.

Philosopher Emmanuel Levinas insisted “that it is only through responsibility for others, only through caring for the needy and even one’s enemies that human existence advances and grows.”1 What Levinas dubbed diakonia has been described as “responsibility and care for others.”2 Responsibility, then, constitutes “the heart of what it means to exist as a human being and to transcend the isolation and trap of one’s own ego.”3

Each year, the World Day of Prayer for Vocations falls on the Fourth Sunday of Easter, that is, Good Shepherd Sunday. I think this year especially, it is important to point out that all of us who are baptized have received a vocation, a calling from God. To quote Jake Blues, by virtue of our baptism, we’re on a mission from God. The vocation each of us received at baptism is to follow Christ. All other vocations, whether to orders, matrimony, religious or single life, are the different ways of living out our baptismal vocation.

Baptism, not ordination, is the fundamental sacrament of the Christian life. Our dying, being buried, and rising with Christ to new life is our rebirth as children of God, the means by which we become “a new creation.”4 For proof of this we need look no further than our first reading today, taken from the Acts of the Apostles.

As a result of Peter’s preaching on that first Christian Pentecost, many people responded with faith and were baptized. The phrase “filled with the Spirit” is used many times in the early chapters of Acts. Lest we forget, Saint Paul teaches us what the gifts of the Holy Spirit are: “love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control.”5 A few verses earlier, the apostle insists: “the whole law is fulfilled in one statement, namely, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’”6 Following Christ means making yourself a neighbor to others, especially the person who needs your help.



All of this ties in with our epistle reading, which once again comes from 1 Peter. Our passage begins by stating that it “is a grace before God” to suffer for doing what is good.7 In taking responsibility for the other, especially those who are outcast and looked down upon, it is often the case you are reviled rather than rewarded.

The inspired author of 1 Peter goes so far as to say that it is our vocation as Christians to suffer doing good following the Good Shepherd, who, “When he was insulted, he returned no insult; when he suffered, he did not threaten; instead, he handed himself over to the one who judges justly.”8 Jesus calls his followers to do the hardest things imaginable. This is rolled up into the Spiritual Work of Mercy that bids us suffer wrongs patiently, trusting in the one who is returning to “judge the living and the dead.”9

We suffer for doing good when we feed the hungry on the street despite city ordinances that seek to prohibit this, or are arrested and brought to trial for leaving water in the desert so immigrants, many of whom are actually refugees fleeing for their lives, don’t die of dehydration, or standing up for the dignity of human life across many issues: abortion, euthanasia and suicide, the death penalty, firearms, etc., or affirming the rights and dignity of those who are incarcerated. Sadly, you run the risk of being denigrated by fellow Christians for speaking up on behalf of and reaching out to LGBT people, as Pope Francis did this past week, giving much-needed financial aid to a group of transgendered people in Italy, who approached the priest of the parish in which they live for assistance.10 Very often, no good deed goes unpunished.

In one of Isaiah’s Servant Songs, it is said that Israel’s deliverer, rather than vanquish their enemies violently, would be “Like a lamb led to slaughter.”11 But unlike sheep, we are all-too aware of what happens to us when life takes an unpleasant turn, especially when this rises to the level of suffering. Rather than being like a sheep that has no idea it is about to be slaughtered, our experience or anticipation of suffering makes us hyper-aware. To endure this gracefully, we must embrace it intentionally, like those who form the great cloud of Christian martyrs down through the ages of the Church.

Instead of the bliss of ignorance, you must decide whether to follow the Good Shepherd, to be obedient to the call he has given you, to enter through the narrow gate, or choose another road. Remember, “obedience” comes from the Latin verb obidere, which means to listen. Three times in today’s Gospel reading Jesus is quoted as saying his followers, each of whom he calls by name, as you were in baptism and confirmation, recognize his voice and follow him. Later in the same chapter from which today’s Gospel is taken, Jesus says: “My sheep hear my voice; I know them, and they follow me.”12


1 William T. Donovan, The Sacrament of Service: Understanding Diaconal Spirituality, 22.
2 Ibid.
3 Ibid.
4 2 Corinthians 5:17.
5 Galatians 5:22-23.
6 Galatians 5:14.
7 1 Peter 2:19.
8 1 Peter 2:23.
9 Roman Missal, "The Order of Mass," sec. 19.
10 See “Pope gifts funds to transgender community.”
11 Isaiah 53:7.
12 John 10:27.

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Thursday Third Week of Easter

Readings: Acts 8:26-40; Ps 66:8-9.16-17.20; John 6:44-51

Like Stephen, Philip is reckoned to be one of the Church’s first deacons. One of the requirements for the seven men chosen by the earliest Christian community in Jerusalem to serve was that they were “filled with the Spirit and wisdom.”1 According to the Acts of the Apostles, the whole experience of the first Christians was “Spirit-filled.”

The inspired author of Acts tells us that it was an angel who told Philip to head south from Jerusalem along the Gaza road. It is important to note that this divine messenger did not let the good deacon know why he was to head that direction using that route. Being filled with Holy Spirit, Philip was able to discern why when he came upon the Ethiopian eunuch reading and not understanding a passage from the Book of Isaiah.

While it may seem strange to us that someone would be reading out loud in public, it seems good to note that in the ancient world nobody read silently. All reading was done out loud. Of course, most people could not read. The particular passage the Ethiopian was reading was one of Isaiah’s Servant Songs.2 The Servant Songs are four Hebrew poems found in what is known as Deutero-Isaiah. Hence, these were written some six centuries before Christ during the Babylonian exile.

Remarkably, Isaiah’s Servant Songs transcend Israel’s longing for a “savior” to rescue them from exile. The particular passage the eunuch was reading deals with the utterly counter-intuitive and unexpected manner of God’s deliverance. This left the wealthy and powerful Ethiopian confused. “To whom is this passage referring,” he asks?3

' Given this opening, “Philip opened his mouth and, beginning with this scripture passage, he proclaimed Jesus to him.”4 Jesus is who this passage is about! As a result of the deacon’s Bible lesson, this man, who, it appears, was Jewish- Ethiopian Jews exist both then and now- came to believe in Christ. As a result, Philip baptized him. After baptizing the eunuch, Philip went on his evangelizing way, no doubt following the Spirit’s lead.

The Baptism of the Eunuch, School of Rembrandt, ca. 1631


In our Gospel today, taken from Saint John’s Bread of Life discourse, the importance of hearing and rightly grasping God’s word also comes to the fore. Of course, in this instance, it is God himself, Jesus Christ, who is doing the expounding.

Jesus tells his listeners- “They shall all be taught by God.”5 Indeed, right then they were being taught the word of God by God's very Word. Jesus here is saying that anyone who “hears” the Father is drawn to him (Jesus). Because only Jesus has seen the Father, only Jesus can reveal the Father.

Jesus is the Word who becomes flesh. Jesus is Word who becomes sacrament by the Holy Spirit’s power. Just as foretold by the Servant Song that so puzzled the Ethiopian, Jesus does not do this in an imposing way. Rather, he does so in a rather unimposing and unexpected way. To those who do not know the word, the mystery of Christ’s Real Presence is usually incomprehensible or misunderstood.

Jesus becomes bread so that he can live in and through us, again, by the Spirit’s power. To be a Christian is to be Spirit-filled. For this to happen, we need to have some inkling of what we’re doing, why it is important, and why it matters that we gather for Mass. Hopefully, after what will have amounted to a long Eucharistic fast for most Catholics worldwide, all of us will be more interested in the importance of how the word becomes sacrament in and through us.

Christ is really present in the proclamation of the Scriptures. Instead of eating and drinking, we hear intending to listen to him. The English word “obedience” comes from the Latin verb obidere, which means to listen. Hopefully, like Philip, we will attune ourselves to the Holy Spirit and help others see and believe in the risen Christ. But before you speak you must listen to God’s word with the ear of your heart. While this sounds like a pious sentiment, listening with the ear of your heart is what enables you to become a missionary-disciple and not a sanctimonious twit.

Yesterday, I did a committal service. Despite our current circumstances, it was a beautiful Easter day. It was a day on which it was easier to believe in resurrection than it is under certain other conditions. In such circumstances, all any member of the clergy has to offer are words. But words can be powerful, and so, remain important. The inspired author of Hebrews, which most scholars reckon is a sermon, tells us the
word of God is living and effective, sharper than any two-edged sword, penetrating even between soul and spirit, joints and marrow, and able to discern reflections and thoughts of the heart6
Let us dedicate, or rededicate, ourselves to reading, pondering, and praying God’s word daily. This is one of the primary ways God teaches us. This includes preaching. If a preacher does not explain the Scriptures the way Philip did to the earnestly inquiring Ethiopian, then what’s the point of preaching? As Saint Jerome, the great Bible translator and commentator wrote in the prologue to his commentary on Isaiah: “ignorance of Scripture is ignorance of Christ.”7


1 Acts 6:3.
2 Isaiah 53:7-8.
3 Acts 8:34.
4 Acts 8:35.
5 John 6:45.
6 Hebrews 4:12.
7 Saint Jerome, Prologue of the commentary on Isaiah, n.1, CCL 73, 1.

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

May remains Mother Mary's month

Believe it or not dear friends, May is nearly here. April 2020 will forever be lodged in my mind as a very strange month in my journey of life. Despite a world in retreat (wise people have intentionally used this time to go on retreat), May remains, as much as ever, the month of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

While I urge everyone whenever possible to pray the Rosary daily, it is with even more urgency I ask you to pray the Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary this particular May. I am posting this today because I figured if I was urging both of my readers to pray the Rosary daily during May, I shouldn't wait until 1 May to do so.

I have what I have come to call before our Blessed Mother "the COVID intercessions." These are for a quick end to the spread of sars-cov-2, the speedy and full recovery of all who are ill with COVID-19, the protection of healthcare and essential words from the virus, for wise, prudent, and collaborative decisions by local, national, and world leaders in the service of the common good concerning the virus, for wise advice from public health officials, and for the repose of the souls who have died during this pandemic. Quite a list, I know. I am confident Our Lady can handle them and effectively intercede.

In a letter addressed to all the faithful, dated 25 April, Pope Francis urged us all to pray the Rosary during May more and more fervently. "Contemplating the face of Christ with the heart of Mary, our mother," he insisted, "will make us even more united as a spiritual family and will help us overcome this time of trial." It's easy to overlook the teaching of the Holy Father in these matters. When it comes to praying the Rosary, either by one's self, with your family, or another group, the Pope tells us in his short letter- "The key to doing this is always simplicity."

At the end of his letter, Pope Francis gave two prayers that we can recite at the end of the Rosary:

First Prayer
O Mary,
You shine continuously on our journey
as a sign of salvation and hope.
We entrust ourselves to you, Health of the Sick,
who, at the foot of the cross,
were united with Jesus’ suffering,
and persevered in your faith.

“Protectress of the Roman people”,
you know our needs,
and we know that you will provide,
so that, as at Cana in Galilee, joy and celebration may return
after this time of trial.



Help us, Mother of Divine Love,
to conform ourselves to the will of the Father
and to do what Jesus tells us.
For he took upon himself our suffering,
and burdened himself with our sorrows
to bring us, through the cross,
to the joy of the Resurrection.
Amen.

We fly to your protection,
O Holy Mother of God;
Do not despise our petitions
in our necessities,
but deliver us always
from every danger,
O Glorious and Blessed Virgin
.
Second Prayer
We fly to your protection, O Holy Mother of God”.

In the present tragic situation, when the whole world is prey to suffering and anxiety, we fly to you, Mother of God and our Mother, and seek refuge under your protection.

Virgin Mary, turn your merciful eyes towards us amid this coronavirus pandemic. Comfort those who are distraught and mourn their loved ones who have died, and at times are buried in a way that grieves them deeply. Be close to those who are concerned for their loved ones who are sick and who, in order to prevent the spread of the disease, cannot be close to them. Fill with hope those who are troubled by the uncertainty of the future and the consequences for the economy and employment.

Mother of God and our Mother, pray for us to God, the Father of mercies, that this great suffering may end and that hope and peace may dawn anew. Plead with your divine Son, as you did at Cana, so that the families of the sick and the victims be comforted, and their hearts be opened to confidence and trust.

Protect those doctors, nurses, health workers and volunteers who are on the frontline of this emergency, and are risking their lives to save others. Support their heroic effort and grant them strength, generosity and continued health.

Be close to those who assist the sick night and day, and to priests who, in their pastoral concern and fidelity to the Gospel, are trying to help and support everyone.

Blessed Virgin, illumine the minds of men and women engaged in scientific research, that they may find effective solutions to overcome this virus.

Support national leaders, that with wisdom, solicitude and generosity they may come to the aid of those lacking the basic necessities of life and may devise social and economic solutions inspired by farsightedness and solidarity.

Mary Most Holy, stir our consciences, so that the enormous funds invested in developing and stockpiling arms will instead be spent on promoting effective research on how to prevent similar tragedies from occurring in the future.

Beloved Mother, help us realize that we are all members of one great family and to recognize the bond that unites us, so that, in a spirit of fraternity and solidarity, we can help to alleviate countless situations of poverty and need. Make us strong in faith, persevering in service, constant in prayer.

Mary, Consolation of the afflicted, embrace all your children in distress and pray that God will stretch out his all-powerful hand and free us from this terrible pandemic, so that life can serenely resume its normal course.

To you, who shine on our journey as a sign of salvation and hope, do we entrust ourselves, O Clement, O Loving, O Sweet Virgin Mary. Amen.
Prayers and blessings to you as you make your way through this difficult time.

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Jesus's new presence: do we recognize him?

Luke 24:13-35

I've been posting a lot of homilies and reflections on the readings since Holy Thursday. This is because I currently have time to serve and so to preach at daily Mass regularly. As a result, this Third Sunday of Easter I am a little exhausted. I am limiting this reflection to just the Gospel reading for the Third Sunday of Easter. For those who do not routinely read Καθολικός διάκονος, I preached on the Emmaus story during the Octave (see "Wednesday in the Octave of Easter").

One of the points I've tried to emphasize in my Easter preaching is that in the resurrection accounts found in the Gospels Jesus's disciples have a difficult time recognizing him. I believe this is so because the inspired authors are trying to convey in words a reality that transcends language. In short, after his resurrection from the dead, Jesus's followers, even his closest ones, don't see him in the same way they saw him before his death and resurrection. They see him with what might be called new eyes- the eyes of faith. Resurrected life is a new mode of existence, which is why it cannot be limited to a single event that happened nearly two millennia ago.

Make no mistake, Jesus's post-resurrection presence among us is his real presence. It is a presence so real that it is more real than when he walked the dusty roads of Galilee with his disciples. His resurrection presence is so real, in fact, that Christ can dwell in you. It is the Holy Spirit who is the mode of his new presence. This is made clear in the Emmaus story when Cleopas and his companion- some have opined his companion was a woman, perhaps his wife- recognize the resurrected Lord, who "drew near and walked with them," only in the breaking of the bread.

But before they recognized him, this seeming stranger, who was clearly familiar with "the things that have taken place [in Jerusalem] in these days," taught them that "the things have taken place" were foretold and even necessary. After the two discouraged disciples relayed their dismay at the death of "Jesus the Nazarene," who they thought "would be the one to redeem Israel," this stranger instructed them thoroughly. He began by asking them a question: "Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?" After posing the question, "beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he interpreted to them what referred to him in all the Scriptures."

Les pèlerins d'Emmaüs en chemin, by James Tissot, ca. 1886-1894


The second part of a penitential litany that is found in the appropriate appendix of the English translation of the Roman Missal for the United States, the invocation is: "Lord Jesus, you come in word and sacrament to strengthen us in holiness." Among the things that the pericope of the journey to Emmaus shows us is the necessary, inextricable, and beautiful connection between word and sacrament. Maybe it is better to state it this way: the story of the journey to Emmaus shows us how word becomes sacrament. Keeping in mind one the simplest and most straightforward ways of defining a sacrament- a visible and tangible sign of Christ's presence in and for the world- we need to be aware that the word becomes sacrament in and through those who continue to recognize the risen Lord in the breaking of the bread.

After sharing with each other that their "hearts [were] burning... while he spoke to [them] on the way and opened the scriptures to [them]," Cleopas and his companion (wife?) ran the seven miles back to Jerusalem that night to tell the others about their experience. This demonstrates that not only is Jesus's new way of being present is really real, so to speak, but it shows that the Eucharist is not an end in itself. Receiving Christ's body and blood should make you an evangelist. The purpose of the Eucharist is not to make the community of disciples a self-referential group of the chosen, it is meant to make Jesus's disciples missionaries. The Eucharist orients toward you toward others, especially those you encounter who need your help.

Sadly, during these times, many Catholics are demanding Mass and excoriating their bishops for opting to keep their flocks safer. These sisters and brothers are exhibiting a self-referential understanding of the Eucharist, one that is static and seems to believe that they are in danger of Christ's presence somehow running out unless they get a refill. But Christ's real presence in the Mass is fourfold. In addition to be really present in the gathering of the baptized, he is really and truly present in the word, that is, the Scriptures. During these times, we should still be turning word into sacrament, which is the work of the Spirit in and through us, by making Jesus visibly and tangibly present by our faith, our hope, our joy, and through our service to those in need.

The risen Lord is walking with us now. Even though you cannot break the bread, do you still recognize him?

Pentecost

Readings: Acts 2:1-11; Ps 104:1.24.29-30.31.34; 1 Cor 12:3b-7.12-13; John 20:19-23 After Easter, Pentecost is the most important observan...