It is interesting that Johnson locates the crux of this sustained argument towards the end of the fourth chapter, where the writer, using the image "The Sabbath Rest," exhorts his hearer/reader:
Therefore, let us strive to enter into that rest, so that no one may fall after the same example of disobedience. Indeed, the word of God is living and effective, sharper than any two-edged sword, penetrating even between soul and spirit, joints and marrow, and able to discern reflections and thoughts of the heart. No creature is concealed from him, but everything is naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must render an account (4:11-13)I am also finding attributions to various authors fascinating. While I agree with Origen's conclusion that "God only knows" who the author is, I found the arguments in favor of attributing the letter to Apollos plausible, but not convincing. I was intrigued by this especially in light of the fact that to Apollos is often attributed the faulty concept of resurrection that St. Paul seeks to correct in 1 Corinthians 15.